聯合公園：身臨其境的社區催化劑 Union Park: Immersive Play as Community Catalyst 由專筑網孫佳，李韌編譯 聯合公園位于美國德克薩斯州北部的一個總體規劃社區，項目最初構思于2014年，設計師與Hillwood社區共同合作開發，設計過程開發了一系列生活智能策略，解決了諸多生活方式問題，如社區連通性、幸福感和生活管理等等。 聯合公園最終規劃為2,400套單戶住宅，其戶外環境也成為生活的主要組成部分，這里是社區各個功能區域之間的連接體，同時也作為休閑場所而使用。項目整體規劃方法滿足各種娛樂需求，但仍然缺乏兒童游戲場所，即便如此，公園的多層次仍然吸引了眾多人群。 Union Park, a master-planned community in north Texas, was first conceived in 2014 through a planning and visioning process conducted in partnership with Hillwood Communities, which has developed a series of Live Smart principles that address key lifestyle considerations like connectedness, well-being and stewardship. Ultimately planned for 2,400 single-family homes, Union Park prioritizes the outdoor setting as an integral lifestyle component — it’s the connective fabric between community destinations as well as the backdrop to restorative recreational opportunities. Its holistic planning approach accommodates a full range of recreational needs, although until recently it lacked an immersive play environment for children — but the addition of its multifaceted Exploration Park has turned that missing element into an alluring destination with wide-ranging appeal.社區的景觀促進了人們之間的互動，但在2017年底，兒童游戲場所的問題再次被提及，而Exploration公園滿足了這種需求，在社區和建筑環境中完美地融合，并形成了具有層次的休閑環境。它毗鄰聯合公園的活動草坪、游泳池和戶外廚房，將其核心區域向外擴大，為社區的社交和娛樂中心增添了以孩子為中心的場地。 設計團隊認為，僅僅只是在某個指定區域放置游樂設施并不能有效地提升公園的空間質量。因為高品質的休閑空間并非通過外部設備來為孩子們帶來歡樂，而是應當通過設計的方式融入場地、景觀以及材質，從而滿足孩子們先天而來的探索意識。 公園有著一系列獨特的場地形式，促進空間的互動，通過鳥瞰才能將整座公園空間一覽無余。景觀元素將自然帶入游樂區，而諸如草皮、橡膠等混合材料在整個空間內創造出獨特的視覺效果。 諸如滾輪滑梯、登山設施、傳統滑梯、隧道等游戲元素可讓孩子們以各種方式在空間活動，并且具有觸覺設備的無障礙游樂區確保殘障人士也能夠完全享受公園最新的游樂設施。 The community landscape features extensive parkland for individual recreation as well as community interaction, but in late 2017 children’s play was identified as a missing ingredient to the overall amenity package. Exploration Park fulfills that need, fits harmoniously within the community and architectural context, and provides a play environment with many layers of interest. Its location adjacent to Union Park’s event lawn, pool and outdoor kitchen extends the usability of the core amenity area, adding a kid-focused component to the community’s social and recreational hub. The design team knew that simply adding off-the-shelf play equipment to a designated park area would not fulfill the community’s play desires or align with the standard of quality established elsewhere throughout Union Park. Rather than relying primarily on play equipment to draw families and bring joy to energetic kids, there was a conscious design to prioritize the landscape — particularly through topography and materiality — as the catalyst to exploration and enjoyment. The park’s creative grading affords a series of distinctive land forms that catalyze movement throughout the space; the full play area can’t be viewed all at once unless you’re a bird or a drone. Ribbons of landscape bring an element of nature into the play area, while mixed materials — turf, rubber, mulch — create distinctive areas to explore within the overall space. Play elements like a roller slide, as well as climber and traditional slides, and a custom tunnel allow kids to move up and down through the space in a variety of ways, and an accessible play area with tactile features ensures those with special needs can fully enjoy Union Park’s newest play environment as well.這座公園是聯合公園整體設施的一大擴建部分，通過景觀設計的方式成功提升了游樂區域的空間效果，而這些空間效果便是那些游樂設施所無法比擬的部分。 The park is a welcomed addition to Union Park’s overall amenity package — and a showcase of how successful play environments are the result of creative landscape architectural interventions extending far beyond playground equipment.